Having been diagnosed with stage 4 prostate cancer is one of the dreadful health conditions that any person could ever experience. It is necessary to obtain necessary treatment in an advanced manner to ensure that the problem is cured successfully though the chances appear to be almost neutral. Advanced treatment options are now available for the concerned through which the chances of their survival could be increased in an extensive manner for sure. Several causes of intensive nature could be considered that determine that the situation has reached to a really advanced stage.
Major Symptoms of Prostate Cancer Stage IV
The biggest symptom of all that ensures that a person has reached to stage IV is when the cancer cells have reached to other organs and tissues right from the place of their origination. Lymphatic system too will be under the scanner because of the major developments experienced in this regard. The cancer cells must have already reached and affected the lymph nodes. People might feel fatigue frequently because of this development. It is necessary to obtain necessary treatment on time in order to check the problem as per the requirement. The cancer cells might have spread to bones as well causing a huge furor internally.
Significant variations in the PSA levels too are a major indication that the stage IV of prostate cancer has already reached. Immediate diagnosis is needed in order to determine the exact cause for this problem in order to obtain the best treatment as per the latest requirement. The immunity levels of the concerned persons too will drop greatly resulting in more worry. It is because of body’s inability in coping with the smaller illnesses as well that causes maximum damage in the long run.
Effective Treatment for Getting Best Cure against Stage 4
Several options are considered by the treating oncologists in order to provide you with the best treatment as far as stage 4 prostate cancer is considered. The way in which your body responds to the treatment provided is taken as the major yardstick in this context. Protecting your body with the possible treatment is something that is needed the most. There are some oncologists who prefer a wait and watch policy in order to determine the way in which your body responds to the treatment provided. Also, the situations cannot be ruled out during which a hormone therapy too is offered in order to control the situation.
Stage 4 prostate cancer could prove extremely fatal in case if the condition is left untreated. Sudden death of a person too could be a common possibility if proper treatment is not taken. Different combinations of treatment too provided depending upon the disease condition and the exact parts that are affected. Hence, an oncologist might combine hormone therapy with various other alternatives such as external beam radiation. Another alternative could be the choice of radiation therapy and chemotherapy offered in order to determine the extent to which your body responds in a successful manner. Radical prostatectomy is another successful alternative through which survival removal process of prostate cancer is considered.
Although it is quite difficult to identify the stages, the stage 4 prostate cancer generally mean the progress of cancer when it spreads to other tissues outside the prostate and therefore the condition of the tumor becomes quite critical. The doctors always uses this classification to give grounds to the way the treatment should be undertaken with respect to the stage the cancer is in. Usually the prostate cancer develops locally and spreads in course of time and then slowly gathers strength to invade the tissues outside the prostate. There are three ways that a prostate cancer spreads to neighboring tissues. These are by growing slowly and spreading into the nearby tissues. The other way is by spreading through the lymph system including the nodes and the lymph vessels. The third way is by spreading to distant tissues through the blood. It is only through a series of tests that a doctor can ascertain as to which stage the prostate cancer is at that moment.
The tests are determined after the initial test and that is a biopsy test. All patients needn’t undergo all the tests as this is for initial stages and one or two other tests can determine the extent of the spread. It is only in the case of stage 4 prostate cancer when all tests are needed as the condition is then quite serious.
Different stages of prostate cancer
Among the last stage is the stage 4 prostate cancer which means that the condition of the spread is quite serious. The first stage signifies the start of the cancer and is generally microscopic and is found in the prostate only. It cannot be found with digital scan or other means as it is quite small. It is at stage 2 that the tumor grows big enough to be seen yet has not spread beyond the prostate. In the stage 3 the tumor has extended its growth further and although hasn’t spread beyond the prostate, it is just about to invade the outer neighboring tissues of the prostate. In the last stage or stage 4 the cancer is said to be metastasized and has invaded the neighboring tissues significantly and has spread or in the process of spreading to lymph nodes, liver, bones or the lungs.
There are also other ways of classifying prostate cancer and it depends upon the doctor whom you are visiting. There are different types of tests for ascertaining the stage 4 prostate cancer in a patient.
Tests and treatments
You need to take a series of tests to determine when you have reached the stage 4 prostate cancer and this depends on the suggestions by your doctor. Your doctor may ask you to take a digital rectal exam, prostate specific blood test, transrectal ultrasound scanning, MRI scan, CT scan and even surgery to examine the lymph nodes. In stage 4 prostate cancer types, treatment like medications, surgery, chemotherapy and other forms of radiation are usually adopted for arresting the spread of cancer.